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Copyright 2020 by Richard O. Aichele - email rottoa@gmail.com - and Information Works Inc.

 

A   Source  of  Technical,  Historical   And Environmental  Information.

Return To The Western Front -

Now Peaceful - But Not 50 Years Earlier

 

wrap text around image This veteran returned to visit World War 1 Western Front battlefields in peacetime where 50 years earlier he served for three years and was wounded.

He thought about the French, German, British, Australian, Canadian, American and others who fought there. Abandoned forts, remains of trenches, many soldiers' cemeteries and monuments to the missing in action still remain.

He walked the now quiet battlefields where millions died and often quietly asked, "And for what?"

 

Clash of  the  Battle  Cruisers

Battle of Jutland -    - Skagerrakschlacht

wrap text around imageThe fierce World War 1 sea battle of Jutland involved 261 ships from the British and German navies. The newer powerful battle cruisers bore the brunt of the battle.

As several of the British battle cruisers exploded suddenly and sank, British Vice Admiral David Beatty remarked:

"There Is Something Wrong With Our Bloody Ships Today.".

 

Ships -  Steamboats

"S-t-e-a-m-boat     A-Comin !"

The American steamboat invented in 1807 changed the lives of Americans. Towns and cities along the rivers grew because of steamboat service. The sights and sounds of steamboat machinery and steamboats themselves such as the Delta Queen, Alexander Hamilton, Mary Powell, Natchez, and Eureka were unforgetable

Some steamboats continue to sail and be enjoyed on lakes and rivers such as the Minne-Ha-Ha in New York State.

 

Ships   -   Ocean Liners

From 1900 until the 1960s ocean liners featured state-of-the-art technologies and evolving styles for all passengers. The American liner United States, the French Normandie and Ile de France, the German Europa and Amerika, the British Queen Mary and Titanic, and the Italian Andrea Doria were fine examples.

Details of the Andrea Doria and the Titanic last voyages. Informative detailed internal drawing of the Queen Mary.

 

Four Years That Changed The World

 

War in the Trenches

wrap text around imageThe soldiers are the story. The trenches of Verdun, Gallipoli, Arras, Somme and Flanders during the Great War battles 100 years ago were the places. Knowledge of the battles are kept alive based on the preserved memories, stories, maps and photos of the ordinary soldiers of both sides who were there. Remember these lessons today so they are not repeated tomorrow.

 

The Great War  At Sea

wrap text around image(1914-1918) Britain and Germany had the largest navies on the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The sea battles of Jutland, Coronel, Falkland Islands and the Turkish Dardanelles cost thousands of lives. Some of the sunken warships have been located answering many historical questions. Ultimately the sea battles did not change the naval status of either Britain or Germany but the bravery of the sailors was never questioned.

 

Four  British  Ships  Doomed

At Jutland By Designs and Procedures

wrap text around imageA Technical Viewpoint. Four major British war ships exploded and sank killing thousands of their sailors during the Jutland battle. The probable causes were later determined based on survivors' memories, observations by crews on nearby ships and reviews of documents. The designs of the ship gun turrets and the unsafe explosive shell propellant handling procedures had combined to create the disasters. It could have been avoided.

Remembering The Missing In Action

wrap text around image Millions of men during the Great War were sent to the Western Front battlefields. Hundreds of thousands of those soldiers completely disappeared. One incident: A French trench collapsed instantaneously leaving only the soldiers' rifle barrels protruding and it became the Trench of the Bayonets memorial." This Remembering the Missing website commemorates all missing and the continuing search for all still missing in action.

 

 

  Is It Possible ?

 That there are more advanced intelligent entities in the Universe visiting Earth ?

U.S. Navy aviators have filmed encounters with unknown hypersonic speed extraterrestrial vehicles.

November 29, 1989, hundreds of inhabitants in eastern Belgium witnessed 140 different UFO sightings.

Since 2009, the Kepler telescope helped uncover a "bewildering variety" of alien worlds throughout the Milky Way.

Facts and theories increasingly suggest "other reasonably intelligent life in the Universe.”

Former Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) confirmed on October 12, 2020 that the U.S. government has been "hiding key details about UFOs for years, has covered up, put brake pads on everything most of it hasn’t seen the light of day.”

 

Infrastructure  and  Environment

 

America's Inland Waters

The vessels on America's coastal waters, inland rivers and lakes changed everyone's lives. Great Lakes passenger steamships such as the Put-In-Bay created an American cruise industry on the Great Lakes. River steamboats are still famous especially the Mississippi boats. They all represented the latest technologies and ship building skills plus an overview of America's changing lifestyles. Some names are remembered: Delta Queen, Edmund Fitzgerald or the Hendrick Hudson and stir memories. Sail with us.

 

Preventing Ocean Pollution

wrap text around image Thousands of ships sank in U.S. coastal waters in the past 80 years. NOAA's Under Sea Threats Programs known as RUST and RULET administered by the U.S. Coast Guard identified them and watch for delayed pollution. One example: The recent recovery in 2019 of 450,000 gallons of oil from the wreck of a sunken ship torpedoed 1942 off Long Island, New York averted a major ocean oil spill.

 

Ship Technologies

Marine technologies continually advance meeting the challenges of greater operating efficiencies and environmental compliance. Curent subjects:

   Grand Princess in Shipyard Refurbishment

   System Upgrades for Trim Optimization

   Propulsion Pods Technologies

 

Farewell  to  Europe's  Steam  Railroads

European railroad steam locomotive power was phasing out in the 1960s and these photos document some of the remaining steam power in 1972 based in the City of Tübingen, Germany. Operating steam locomotives are history with the exception of those preserved for museums and for special trains.

Enjoy the Video of two operating steam locomotives with a special train on the famous 2.5 percent Schiefe Ebene grade as they passed.

 

America's  Railroads

wrap text around image Railroads served the growing nation. Passengers traveled everwhere with great service. Among the famous railroad names was the Pullman Company, the 20th Century Limited, the Super Chief, the Broadway Limited, the City of New Orleans plus local trains that reached thousands of towns and cities.

Railroad technologies with powerful steam, diesel or electric locomotives allowed comfortable, safe passenger trains across the country. All aboard !

 

100 Years Ago - Building A Underwater Rail Tunnel

wrap text around image The first railroad tunnels under the Hudson River were completed in 1908 and are still in service. Known to riders as the Hudson Tubes for the first fifty years and one of the first mass transit projects connecting New Jersey and New York City they remain a story of innovations, dedication, failures and finally the total success.

 

High Speed Rail  -  Modern Passenger Trains

High Speed Rail passenger trains, HSR, now carry millions of people at speeds up to 220 MPH comfortably and conveniently.

China, Japan and Europe continue to create innovative HSR technologies and lead the field of environmentally friendly efficient passenger rail transportation networks.

In the United States, modern passenger rail transportation including HSR remains under invested, under developed and under promoted.

 

20th Century Art and  Innovations

The 20th Century was a dynamic era and that period's artifacts are increasingly valuable and collectible. Among them are paintings and print art that emphasized 20th Century historical events, technical innovations and changing lifestyles including travel. These maritime art prints of the S.S. Dixie, S.S. Aquitania, S.S. Mauritania and S.S. St. Louis once hung in New York City travel agencies. Railroad art shown on timetables, calendars and advertising promoted the comfort and speed of the 20th Century's Pullman and railroad passenger trains throughout the country.

Click for Vintage  Art and  Innovations   Enlarged Views and More Details

 

mauritania ww1last vision schedules
pullman dining car gnoval

Railroad Dining Cars offered fine food and beverage services. Each railroad had produced their own unique meal service china such as the Pullman Company's Indian Tree pattern (left) or the Great Northern's scenic pattern (right). Today, all are hard to find collectible items.

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Information Works Inc.   P.O. Box 4725, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866 USA  email rottoa@gmail.com

Copyright 2020. Website by Richard O. Aichele

Historical & Technical Research and Publishing

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