Copyright 2019 by Richard O. Aichele & Information Works Inc.,

Information Works Inc., P.O. Box 4725, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866 USA


wrap text around imageThe articles published in this WEB Archive are part of a larger collection of articles written by Richard O. Aichele (aka Dick Aichele) over the past forty years for various publications. Some were also self-published.

A strong interest in history has always been the common foundation in exploring different areas of interest. The articles in this Archive are examples of interests in the technologies and history of the railroads, ships of all types from small river ferries to large ocean liners, water power from small mills of years ago to modern hydro turbines, visual arts including photography and major historical events such as World War 1 (1914-1918) from the perspective of the people that fought in it.

"Learn from Yesterday's Lessons "

to Build a Better Tomorrow."


Cllick Links Below to Access Articles





Railroad High Speed Rail

wrap text around imageWorldwide the future is now. High Speed Rail using state-of-the-art technologies in an environmentally friendly manner are expanding international commerce and moving thousands of people at speeds up to 210 mph in Japan, China, Germany, France, Italy, Britain and Spain -- but not in the United States - - - yet.



RAILROADS - America's Railroad Heritage

wrap text around imageThe railroads connect the nation and their evolution from steam to diesel and electric lomotives, the streamliner first class passengers trains, and the local trains that reached thousands of towns and cities created great memories for everyone.


RAILROADS - America's Railroad Steam Era

wrap text around imageSteam powered railroad locomotives for over a century evolved with excellent technical designs and often unique appearances. Their supporting infrastructure was based on roundhouses for maintenance. .

RAILROADS - Farewell to Steam on the German railroads

wrap text around imageGerman railroad steam locomotive power ended in the early 1980s. Here is a look at their steam power in 1972. The steam era still lives there - see two great steam locomotives with a main line steam fan trip.


RAILROADS - The Hudson River Railroad Tunnels

wrap text around image Building the Tunnels under the Hudson River between New Jersey and New York is the story of innovations, dedication, failures and finally total success. The passenger trains first operated in the late 1800s and have operated continuously since with only few short out of service periods.


Infrastructure Made American Passenger Railroads Efficient


...Pennsylvania Railroad New York Waiting Room

Pennsylvania Railroad Station New York City

Pennsylvania Railroad New York Station Concourse...


Lackawanna RR Scranton PA Lackawanna Scranton PA Lackawanna Oxford NJ

...Lackawanna RR Scranton PA


Lackawanna RR Scranton PA

Lackawanna RR Oxford NJ...




SHIPS -The Ships At Sea

wrap text around imageFrom the elegant early 1900s ocean liners to the Liberty Ships of World War 2 the story is on-going. Ships such as the Titanic, America, Queen Mary and hundreds of others carried business and pleasure travellers and in the late 1800s and early 1900s provided the immigrants pathway to the United States.

SHIPS - Vessels on America's Inland Waters

wrap text around imageThe vessels that never went to sea but sailed and still sail on inland rivers, lakes and with seaports are the story of America. Included are the Mississippi River, overnight river boats on inland lakes and rivers such as the Hudson River.


SHIPS - A Marine Engineering Shipyard Success

wrap text around imageMarine engineering is a complex field and it is vital during shipyard work that every detail is completed correctly. Refurbishment of the cruise ship Grand Princess was a unusually large job carefully engineered and carried out.


SHIPS - Propulsion Pods Optimize Ship Hydrodynamics Performance

wrap text around imageThe technical innovations of propulsion pods replaces rudders, allowing better ship hull designs and the performance capabilities of vessels


SHIPS - Optimizing Big Ship Trim

wrap text around imageFor mariners, maintaining the proper trim of ships that varies throughout the voyage has become more precise due to new technologies.




The Great War (1914-1918) On Land

wrap text around imageThe battles on the Western Front and the Dardenelles Campaign based on documents and memories of the soldiers' on both sides who fought the battles. The article is about the men that founght and not about the grand strategies that sent them there. Illustrated with photos and maps.


The Great War At Sea

wrap text around image(1914-1918) Naval actions spanned the globe from the Atlantic the Mediterranean to the Pacific and across the northern and southern hemispheres. This illustrated article is based on documents and memories of the sailor's on both sides who fought the battles.


A World War 1 Veteran Returns To The Western Front

wrap text around imageReturning after 50 years brought back many memories of the daily life and death at the front lines. The old battlefields in France and Belgium contain many old forts, trenches, graveyards, monuments and some areas of still barren ground.


Missing In Action

wrap text around image Millions of men were sent to the Western Front battlefields but hundreds of thousands of soldiers disappeared in the explosions and mud. This is a tribute to those soldiers from all nations who fought there and still remain there.




Hydro and Tidal Power

wrap text around imageThe roles of low profile hydro power, new water turbine designs designed to reduce impacts on the migratory fish and harnessing the tides to expand clean hydro power use.


RUST - A Marine Environmental Protection Study

wrap text around imageThe RUST (Resources and Under Sea Threats) program, established by NOAA, is a comprehensive effort to identify the more than 7,000 sunken vessels and their cargoes in U.S. coastal and inland waters. The sunken vessels may contain 1.3 billion gallons of fuel oil and goals ares to determine the environmental risks of leakage and measures to prevent incidents.


Increasing Fuel Cell Efficiencies

wrap text around imageFuel Cell improvments of new catalyst uses cheaper metals such as nickel and iron that can split hydrogen as fast as two molecules per second competitive with commercial catalysts.


NASA InSight Mission to Mars

wrap text around imageThe NASA In-Sight underground exploration spacecraft is enroute to Mars will study the planet's interior by measuring its heat output and listen for marsquakes.


Extraterrestrial Life Theories

wrap text around imageExtraterrestrial Intelligent Civilizations (ET) has been speculated about since the beginning of man on the earth. It is now believed that just within the Milky Way that includes our Earth there are more than 100 billion stars that could contain forms of life.




Mineral Springs - Healthy Waters

wrap text around imageHot springs and mineral springs have been used over 1,000 years as a potential source of healthy benefits. North American "mineral waters" and their therapeutic health benefits were well known and used by Native Americans who later introduced the new European settlers. The waters and remained popular until the 1960s. Good mineral waters and spas can still be enjoyed


Mineral Springs - Saratoga Spa

wrap text around imageThe waters of Saratoga Springs, New York have long been famous. This article describes the mineral producing geology, the Saratoga Spa State Park's mineral water fountains, the rediscovery of the famous Champion 2 Spring, the Vale of Springs, the downtown High Rock Spring and nearby Ballston Spa, New York.


Mineral Springs - Saratoga Ferndell

wrap text around imageWater from the Ferndell Spring beginning in 1916 was famous as a non-mineral still water. It was bottled until the early 1940s. Research about this spring and bottling facilities is ongoing.



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